The history of drones has mixed origins and stories from both the world of military development as well as consumer radio controlled quadcopters or planes.
Let’s find out in detail where it all began and how modern drones of all types have evolved with the help of the infographic below.
There are even more details about each year after the infographic ends with specifics about the drone technology of that period.
Nikola Tesla is testing his radio controlled boat for the first time in a New York pond in Madison Square Garden, to the amazement of the crowd. He was able to even control the lights on his RC boat, making the people think he was either a magician or that a small monkey was inside, controlling the craft.
This is the beginning of every radio-controlled aircraft as we know it today, thanks to the genius of Tesla.
Etienne Omnichen invented the first working quadcopter, called the Omnichen 2 and it managed to fly for 360m, establishing a new world record. In the same year he flew for 1 km circle in 7 minutes and 40 seconds.
People were looking for an alternative to helicopters,as their tail rotor consumes between 10-15% of the engine power without generating any thrust.
It's thought the term 'drone' started to be used at this time, inspired by the name of one of these models, the DH.82B Queen Bee. Radio-controlled drones were also manufactured in the United States and used for target practice and training.
The Queen Bee is considered by many to be the first modern drone, even though it looked more like a plane.
Here you can see prime minister Winston Churchill attending a flight test of the first drone.
While the first ever Model RC Plane competition was held in 1937, where Elmer Wasman placed third with his RC plane “White Mistery”, the RC planes were facing serious controllability issues.
In 1938, the first successful RC model plane was seen flying. It’s called “Big Guff” and it was built by the Walt and Bill Good. For trivia purposes, it also appeared in a film by the Academy of Model Aeronautic that I have posted down below.
Boeing and the US Airforce collaborate to create the first example of a first person view drone called the BQ-7. This was essentially an older large bomber plane, that still required manned flight to get close to the target, but once the pilot ejected, it could be guided through an FPV system to the target and explode all its contents.
Seen at the time as a potential replacement for helicopters, the Convertawings Model A quadcopter was seen as the first successful model that could mainstream the quadcopter model. Unlike classical helicopter design, the 4 rotor system is much more efficient when it comes to fuel consumption and overall controllability.
Why are we not seeing quadcopters in the sky instead of helicopters?
Well, the processing power at the time was not enough to be able to control all the four rotors at the same time. These days we have ESC's (Electronic Speed Controllers) that handle the speed at which the motors rotate.
Thanks to miniaturized transistor technology, model RC planes had a dramatic boom in sales during this decade and got popularized by hobbyists. This was perhaps the boost needed to speed the development of today's commercial RC tech.
Probably the easiest to recognise military drone to this day is the famous Predator, which was used in Afghanistan to launch missles and search for Osama Bin Laden. The drone operated at an altitude of 25,000 ft and had a maximum range of 740km, while being able to fly for 40 hours.
First industrial and commercial uses of quadcopters and other UAVs had it’s infancy with the first commercial drone permit released by the FAA. For the following 8 years they issued an average of 2 permits per year.
The same year, Frank Wang, a mainland-born student at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology has an idea to revolutionize how useful quadcopters are for the mainstream population. The company is called DJI.
The french drone manufacturer Parrot unveiled it’s AR Drone, the first of its kind to be controllable directly from a smartphone.It had self stabilizing gyros and an FPV camera.
The iconic DJI Phantom 1 is released and began the modern drone craze. It could hold a gopro and be controlled from afar, all coming for a great price. The shape of the Phantom drone becomes synonymous to how consumer drones are perceived.
The likes of Jeff Bezos with Amazon and other delivery companies like FedEx and UPS declare their intention to use drones for delivering their products in record times though airborne means. The only issue is that the technology, battery life and regulation hasn’t yet caught up with their ambitions.
The Phantom 3 is released and becomes one of the best sold consumer drones in history. It comes with a stabilized 4k camera, the ability to see FPV feed on your phone and fly it for up to 5 km and 23 minutes battery life, which made it the best choice at the time by far. 3DR also released a revolutionary drone that worked with the GoPro Hero and had many Smart flight modes never seen before.
Another Chinese tech company called Ehang develops the first working Autonomous Passenger Drone Car that looks futuristic and very promising.
A passenger could be transported anywhere for up to 23 minutes and it worked with an electric motor and batteries.
The DJI Mavic was a revolutionary drone that introduced the working concept of a foldable consumer quadcopter for the first time. This meant it was one of the most portable quadcopters ever made, while not compromising on any features, including camera gimbal stabilization and a long flight time. All while being easy to fit in any backpack.
Drones like The Mavic Air, Mavic 2 and DJI’s competitors, like Autel and Parrot continue to release new models and grow both in the hobby sector as well as the professional drones sectors.
The US and many European countries release new drone regulations that state any drone over 250 grams has to be registered. In response, DJI released the Mavic Mini, a 4k stabilized drone under 250 grams that has unprecedented features for such a small quadcopter and revolutionized the industry once again.
Drones have been a staple during the coronavirus outbreak, helping with medical supply deliveries, police work in social distancing and quarantine.
Police uses them to maintain social distancing and firefighters use drones to find entry spots in buildings without putting themselves in the harms way.
Drones have become more accessible to the masses, but the places they shine most are industrial uses, relief from disasters and especially future airborne transportation. This history of drones shows us that there's been an incredible acceleration in technological advancement in recent years, and it has become almost impossible to guess how things will be in the following 20-50 years.